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USDA Hemp Memo

USDA HEMP Memo - Ederede Zuru Oke

Gee Potcast, ma ọ bụ lelee n'elu.

N'okpuru ebe a bụ USDA Hemp Memo zuru ezu:

***

UniNgalaba Ugbo nke tedStateslture

Ọfịs nkee Ndụmọdụ Ndụmọdụ

Washington D.C.

2025 0-1400

GENERALCOUNSEL

Nwere ike 28, 2019

UMUAKA

ISIOKWU:

AKW SKWỌ NSỌ ỌZỌ EGO NA-EGO

N’abalị iri abụọ n’ọnwa iri n’afọ 20, Onye isi ala Trnmp.s n’ime iwu Iwu Mmelite Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2018, Kp. L. 2018-115 (334 Ọrụ Ugbo). Iwu ọka maka ihe omume ugbo nke 2018 nyere iwu maka hemp maka ebumnuche niile dị na parammita enyere n'iwu.

Office of the General Counsel (OGC) ewepụtala echiche iwu dị na ya ka a wee lekọta ajụjụ gbasara sev. mmezi nke ihe ndeputa banyere hem ugbo ala nke ugbo ugbo agha nke 2018, gunyere: apụpụ ikike nke ngalaba ọrụ hemp na-ahụ maka ịgbado ọkụ na Actkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2014 (2014 Farm Bill) (Nkebi 7605); mmeghari n’usoro ahia ahia nke ugbo nke 1946 iji nye ndi steeti na ndi Indian iwu ka hazie ikuputa ihe banyere hemp ma obu soro atumatu nke Ngalaba Ugbo (USDA) na - hazi ihe mmeputa hemp. (Nkebi 10113); onyinye nke na-achọpụta nnwepụta mmiri nke hemp dị na azụmahịa etiti (Nkebi 10114); na iwepu hemp na Iwu A Na-achịkwa (Nkebi 12619).

Mkpebi isi nke echiche iwu gbasara OGC bụ ndị a:

  1. Dị ka etinyere maka Iwu Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 na Disemba 20, 2018, ewepụrụ hemp na usoro I nke Nchịkwa Ndị Ejiri Egwuregwu ma ọ bụghịzi ihe a na-achịkwa.
  2. Mgbe USDA bipụtara ụkpụrụ na-etinye usoro iwu ohuru nke hemp nke ihe ngosi 2018 Fa1m dị na Ọrụ Nchịkwa Ọrụ Ugbo nke 1946, States na ebo ndị India enweghị ike machibido transp01 ma ọ bụ mbubata hemp n'ụzọ iwu mepụtara n'okpuru atụmatụ Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo ma ọ bụ n'okpuru ikikere enyere n'okpuru USDA
  3. States na agbụrụ ndị India nwekwara ike igbochi ụzọ mbupu njem ma ọ bụ ibubata hemp n'ụzọ iwu mepụtara n'okpuru ugbo ala 2014
  4. Onye nwere nkwenye ikpe nke steeti ma ọ bụ nke gọọmenti metụtara ihe a na-achịkwa nwere ikike nkwụchi mgbochi afọ 10 na ịmịpụta hemp n'okpuru Iwu Ọrụ Nchịkwa Ọrụ Ugbo nke Nwepụ metụtara onye na-eto hemp n'ụzọ iwu na Iwu Iwu Ọrụ Ugbo 2014. tupu December 20, 2018, na nkwenye ya mere tupu ụbọchị ahụ.

MEMORANDUM Mee 28, 2019

Peeji nke2

Site na mmejuputa iwu maka Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2018 Farm, hemp nwere ike toro naanị (M) nwere ikikere enyere USDA enyere aka, (2) n'okpuru atụmatụ USDA steeti ma ọ bụ atụmatụ ebo, ma ọ bụ (3) n'okpuru 2014 Farm Bill industry hemp pilot rights. . Ikike ndị ahụ na-anya ụgbọ elu ga-agwụ otu afọ mgbe USDA wepụtara atụmatụ maka ịnye ikikere USDA n'okpuru usoro iwu nke Ọrụ Ugbo 2018.

Ọ dị mkpa maka ọha na eze ịghọta na Iwu Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2018 na-echekwa ikike nke States na ebo ndị Indian ịmebe na itinye iwu nke na-achịkwa iwu ahụ. mmepụta nke hemp siri ike karịa n'iwu Federal. Yabụ, na steeti ma ọ bụ ebo nke India enweghị ike igbochi mbupu nke hemp site na State ma ọ bụ Tribal teRRitory, ọ nwere ike ịga n'ihu na-etinye iwu steeti ma ọ bụ ebo nke gbochiri itolite hemp na Steeti ma ọ bụ Tribal teRRitory.

Ọ dịkwa mkpa imesi ya ike na Farkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 adịghị emetụta ma ọ bụ gbanwee ikike nke Secretary nke Ahụike na Ọrụ Ndị Ọrụ ma ọ bụ Kọmịshọna Nri na Ọgwụ Ọjọọ iji chịkwaa hemp n'okpuru iwu nchịkwa nri na ọgwụ ọjọọ US (FDA).

USDA na-atụ anya iwepụta ụkpụrụ nke na-etinye ndị ọchịchị nrụpụta hemp ọhụrụ na 2019.

Ngalaba Ugbo Ala United States

Ọfịs nke General Ndụmọdụ

Washington D.C.

20250-1400

STETHEN ER VADEN

OGWU ANYA

Nwere ike 28, 2019

UMUAKA N’AKA SONNY PERDUE SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE

ISIOKWU:

Echiche iwu gbasara nkwekọrịta gbasara ikike iwu nke nnabata nke afọ 2018 nke ịnakwere HEMP

Ihe ncheta a na-enye echiche m gbasara iwu m kwuru na mmezi Iwu nke Ọrụ Ugbo nke 1 ("2018 Farm Bill"), Pu_b. L Mba 2018-115, gbasara hemp.

Dịka akọwara n’okpuru, akara ncheta a mechiri follQwing:

  1. Dika mmejuputa iwu nke Fam2018 nke 1 na abali iri-abuo nke onwa iri-abuo nke 20, hemp aburula ihe a weputara na usoro nke iwu nke Ejiri Nchikota (“CSA”) ma abughi ihe anakpo Hemp nke edoziri n'okpuru Iwu Fa2018m 1 iji tinye cannabis obula ihe ọkụkụ, ma ọ bụ ihe sitere na ya, nke nwere ihe karịrị pasent 2018 pasta delta-1 tetrahydrocannabinol (“THC”) ma ọ bụ okpueze na-ebu ibu.
  2. Mgbe Depaitment nke Ọrụ Ugbo (“USDA” ma ọ bụ “Depa1tment”) bipụtara ụkpụrụ na-etinye mmebe hemp nke usoro ọrụ ugbo nke 2018 nwere na ndepụta okwu G nke Ọrụ Nchịkwa Ọrụ Ugbo nke 1946 ("AMA; '), agbụrụ ndị States na Indian enweghị ike. gbochie njem ụgbọ ala ma ọ bụ ibubata hemp n'ụzọ iwu mepụtara n'okpuru atụmatụ Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo ma ọ bụ n'okpuru ikikere enyere n'okpuru Ngalaba.
  3. Steeti na agbụrụ Indian enweghị ike igbochi ụzọ mbupu njem ma ọ bụ ibubata hemp n'ụzọ iwu na-emepụta n'okpuru Iwu Ọrụ Ugbo nke2014 (“2014 Farm Bill”).
  4. A onye nwere nkwenye ikpe nke steeti ma ọ bụ nke gọọmenti metụtara ihe a na-achịkwa nwere ikike mmachi afọ 10 na-enweghị ikike ịmịpụta hemp n'okpuru ndepụta okwu G nke AMA. Nwepu ewezuga onye toro na-eto hemp n'okpuru mmekpa iwu Frum 2014 tupu Disemba 20, 2018, onye nkwenye ya gosikwara tupu ụbọchị ahụ.

Ihe ncheta a na-ekwusi ike akụkụ abụọ dị mkpa nke ndokwa nke Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 nke metụtara hemp. Nke mbu, Iwu Ugbo nke 2018 na-echekwa ikike nke steeti na ndị Indian ịtinye na itinye iwu na-achịkwa mmepụta (mana ọbụghị njem ụgbọ njem ma ọ bụ mbupu) nke hemp siri ike karịa iwu Federal. Iji maa atụ, Iwu steeti na-egbochi uto ma ọ bụ ịkọ hemp nwere ike ịbụ Ndị Ọnọdụ ga-etinye ya n'ọrụ. Nke abụọ, Farkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 anaghị emetụta ma ọ bụ gbanwee ikike nke Secretary nke Ahụike na Ọrụ Ndị Ọrụ ma ọ bụ Kọmịshọna nri na ọgwụ ọjọọ n'okpuru iwu nchịkwa nri na ọgwụ ọjọọ nke United States.

  1. MGBE

Th62018 Farm Bill, Pub. L. Nke 115-334, nyere iwu na Disemba 20, 2018, gunyere otutu usoro metụtara hemp.1 Uche a gbasara iwu gbadoro anya na ngalaba 7605, 10113, 10114, na 12619, nke edeputara n'okpuru.

  • Nkebi nke 7605 na-emegharị akụkụ 7606 nke 2014 Farm Bill (7 USC § 5940), nke na-enye ikike maka ụlọ ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ ka elu ma ọ bụ nrụpụta steeti maka ịkọlite ​​ma ọ bụ zụlite hemp ụlọ ọrụ n'okpuru ụfọdụ ọnọdụ-ya bụ, ma ọ bụrụ na hemp tolitere ma ọ bụ akọ maka nzube nyocha na Nkwupụta nke na-enye ohere imepụta hemp. Tinyere ihe ndị ọzọ, ngalaba 7605 na-ekwupụta 2014 Farm Bill 7606 11 chọrọ odeakwụkwọ nke Ọrụ Ugbo (“Secretary”) iji duzie ọmụmụ nke nchọpụta hemp a na-eme ma nyefee akụkọ na Congress. Nkebi nke 7605 na-akpọghachi 2014 Frum Bill§ 7606, dị irè otu afọ mgbe ụbọchị nke odeakwụkwọ guzobere atụmatụ n'okpuru ngalaba 297C nke 2
  • Nkebi nke 10113 aJ11ends AMA site na ịtinye ndepụta okwu ọhụrụ G (ngalaba 297A site na 297E) (7 USC §§ 16390 -1639s) metụtara mmepụta hemp. N'okpuru ikike ọhụrụ a, otu steeti ma ọ bụ ebo Indian nke nwere ikike ịnwe ikike iwu kachasị maka imepụta hemp na steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ ókèala nke ebo India ahụ nwere ike idobe, maka nnabata odeakwụkwọ ahụ, atụmatụ gbasara nlekota na iwu nke ndị dị otú ahụ. imepụta hemp .. Lee AMA § 297B. Maka Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo India nke na-enweghị atụmatụ a nwapụtara, a na-eduzi onye odeakwụkwọ ahụ ka o guzobe atụmatụ Ngalaba gbasara nlekota na iwu nke mmepụta hemp na mpaghara ndị ahụ. Lee AMA§ 297C. Na

1 Ego 2014 Fann Bill kọwara “Mplọ ọrụ hemp” dị ka “osisi Cannabis saliva L. na akụkụ ọ bụla nke osisi dị otú ahụ, ma ọ na-eto ma ọ bụ na ọ dịghị, ya na okpomoku nke ttahydrocannabinol delta-9 adịghị ihe karịrị pasent 0.3 na-ebu ibu.” 7 USC § 5940 (a) (2). Ihe ngosi Fann nke 2018 gbakwụnyere ihe ọhụrụ ọhụụ nke “hemp” na ngalaba 297A nke AMA, nke a kọwapụtara dị ka “osisi Cannabis saliva L. na mkpụrụ osisi ọ bụla, gụnyere mkpụrụ ya na ụdị ya, mpụga, cannabinoids, isomers, acid, nnu, na nnu nke isomers, ma ọ na-eto ma ọ bụ na ọ bụghị. , na ọnụnọ nke ttahydrocrumabinol na-abụkarị pasent 9 n'ihe ọ̀tụ̀tụ̀ dJy. ” 0.3 USC

  • 16390 (1). Nkọwa abụọ a chọrọ mkpokọta THC nke na-erughị pasent 0.3 maka osisi Cannabis sativa L. ka ewere ya dị ka marijuana. Ebum n’uche maka echiche iwu a, m na-eji usoro ahụ “Hemp” na “Mplọ ọrụ hemp” ibe.

2 Nkwupụta Mgbakọ na-esonye na Fann Bill 2018 na-akọwa mmetụta nke nkwụghachi ahụ dị ka ndị a: “Ndokwa ahụ na-ekwughachi mmemme nyocha pipụ hemp otu afọ mgbe odeakwụkwọ bipụtara usoro ikpeazụ nke na-enye ohere ịnweta azụmahịa zuru oke nke hemp dị ka enyere ya na ngalaba. 297C nke [AMA]. ” HR REP. Nke 115-1072, na 699 (2018). ·

Achọkwara onye odeakwụkwọ ka ọ kọọ ụkpụrụ na ụkpụrụ ndị na-etinye ndepụta okwu

  1. Lee AMA § 297D. Ikike ọhụrụ ahụ na-enyekwa nkọwa (lee AMA § 297A) na ikike nnabata (lee AMA § 297E).
  • Nkebi nke 10114 (7 UC § 16390 note) bu ntinye aka na-egosi na o nweghi ihe di na X nke 2018 Farm Bill machibidoro ahia mbuba ahia nke hemp ma obu hemp. Ngalaba 10114 na-enyekwa steeti na agbụrụ ndị Indian agaghị egbochi ụzọ mbupu njem ma ọ bụ mbupu nke hemp ma ọ bụ ngwaahịa hemp mepụtara na ndepụta okwu G site na steeti ma ọ bụ teITitory nke ebo ndị India.
  • Nkebi nke 12619 na-eme ka CSA wepu hemp na CSA nkọwa nke mariju Nkebi 1 619 mechiekwaCSAtoexclude THC na hemp na dulọ oge I.3 \ :: ::

N'ịgafe usoro iwu ugbo nke 2018, Congress nyere iwu maka hemp maka iwu niile maka ebumnuche ọ bụla n'ime paramita nke ụkpụrụ ahụ mana enyere ikike nke steeti na ndị Indian iwepụta ma mejupụta iwu ndị siri ike na-achịkwa mmepụta hemp.

  1. ANALYSIS
  1. Dị ka mmejuputa iwu nke Iwu Fa2018m nke 1 na Disemba 20120181 Ewepụla Hemp na Oge .tọ I nke Usoro Nlekwa Anya Ma Ọ Dịghịkwa Ihe Nri A Na-achịkwa.

CSA § 102 (6) na-akọwapụta. ”Ihe a na-achịkwa ike” nke pụtara “ọgwụ ma ọ bụ ihe ọzọ, ma ọ bụ ihe ga-enyere anyị aka ozugbo, gụnyere usoro oge I, II, IIl, .JV, ma ọ bụ V nke akụkụ B nke aha a. . . . ” 21 USC § 802 (6). Marijuana4 bụ ihe edepụtara edepụtara edepụtara ahaziri usoro nke CSA. Lee CSA § 202 (c) (10), nhazi oge I (21 USC § 812 (c), Nhazi oge I (c) (l0); 21 CFR § 1308.ll (d) (23).

Billkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 meziri CSA n'ụzọ abụọ.

  • Nke mbu, 2018 Ugbo Bill§ 12619 (a) emeziri CSA nkọwa nke igbo ka ewepu h mp. Tupu ịmalite iwu Bill Fam2018 nke 1, CSA§ 102 (16) (21 USC 802 (16)) kọwara wii wii dị ka ndị a:
  • Okwu ahụ 'marihuana' pụtara akụkụ niile nke osisi Cannabis sativa L., ma ọ na-eto ma ọ bụ na ọ gaghị etolite; mkpụrụ ya; ewepụtara resin na pa1t ọ bụla ụdị osisi; na akuku, imepụta, nnu, ụdị, ngwakọta, ma ọ bụ nkwadebe nke osisi dị otú ahụ, mkpụrụ ya ma ọ bụ resị ụdị tetm ahụ anaghị etinye ya etolite etolite etolite nke osisi dị otú a, eriri nke a na-esite n’osisi ndị dị otú ahụ, mmanụ ma ọ bụ achicha mere ka mkpụrụ osisi dị otú ahụ. , ihe ndi ozo, imeputa, nnu, ihe ndi ozo, ngwakọta, ma obu nkwadebe nke s ch tozuru eto (ewezuga resin esite na ya), eriri, mmanu, ma obu achicha,

3 Maka nzụlite ọzọ · n'usoro hemp tupu ebido mmemme Fann Bi.II, 2018, -ahụ Ọrụ Nnyocha Mgbakọ, “Hemp dị ka ihe eji akọ ugbo” (RL32725) (emelitere July 9, 2018). Availike at https: // crsreports.nzuko mbako.gov/product/pdf/RL/RL32725.

4 Uche a na-ejikarị mkpo “marijuana” ma ọ bụghị mgbe ọ na-ekwu maka CSA, nke na-eji mkpo “marihuana”.

ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ igba ogwu nke ụdị ahịhịa a enweghị ike ịkọ.

Dị ka mmezi nke Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 na-emezi, nkọwa CSA nke marijuana na-agụ:

  • Isiokwu okirikiri (B); Okwu 'marihuana' putara akuku nile nke akuku osisi sativa , ma ọ na-eto ma ọ bụ na ọ bụghị; mkpụrụ ya; ewepụtara na mpaghara ọ bụla ụdị osisi ahụ; na ihe ubi, imepụta, nnu, ụdị, ngwakọta, ma ọ bụ nkwadebe nke ụdị osisi a, mkpụrụ ya ma ọ bụ resin.
  • Okwu a bu 'marihuana' agunyeghi
  • hemp, dika akọwara na ngalaba 297A nke Iwu Azụmaahịa nke 1946; ma obu

8.

  • ọka ndị tozuru etozu na-esikwa n'ụdị dị otú ahụ eme ihe;

mkpụrụ nke ụdị osisi, ụdị ihe ọ bụla ọzọ, imepụta, nnu, usoro, ngwakọta ma ọ bụ nkwadebe nke ahịhịa ndị tozuru etozu (ewezuga resin exn · mere site na ya), eriri, mmanụ, ma ọ bụ achicha, ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ igba ogwu nke ụdị ahịhịa a enweghị ike ịmị mkpụrụ.

  • Nke abụọ, 2018 Farm Bill§ 12619 (b) emegharịrị CSA ka ewepu THC na hemp na “tetrahydrocannabinols” na nhazi oge a na-emezigharị maka usoro ịkọ ugbo 2018, CSA
  • 202 (c) (l 7), usoro oge m (21 USC § 812 (c) (l 7), usoro oge m) na-agụ:

Tetrahydrocannabinols, belụsọ maka tetrahydrocannabinols in hemp (dika akọwapụtara n'okpuru ngalaba

297A nke ugbo ahia ahia nke 1946).

Site n'ịgbanwe nkọwa nke marijuana iji wepu hemp dị ka akọwapụtara na AMA § 297A, Congress wepụrụ hemp na nhazi M wee wepu ya kpamkpam na CSA. N'ikwu ya n'ụzọ ọzọ, hemp abụghịzi ihe a na-achịkwa. Ọzọkwa, site na mmezigharị oge m ka ewezuga THC na hemp, Congress ewepụla THC na hemp na CSA.

Ọ dị mkpa ịmara na nchịkwa nchịkwa a nke hemp (na THC na hemp) na-egbu onwe ya. Ọ bụ ezie na a ga-emelite ụkpụrụ mmebe CSA iji gosipụta mmezi iwu maka Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 na CSA, ma mbipụta nke ụkpụrụ ndị ahụ emelitere ma ọ bụ ihe ọ bụla ọzọ dị mkpa iji mechaa mkpochapụ a.

Ekwupụtara m ebe a ihe abụọ bụ isi maka echiche na nkwụsị nke hemp na-egbu onwe ya. Ihe mgbochi mbụ bụ na, n'ihi na ebipụtaghị iwu n'okpuru CSA

  • 201, ngbanwe usoro iwu n’usoro ịhazi m maka hemp adịghị arụ ọrụ. Mkpesa a ezighi ezi.

Usoro a na-ahụkarị maka idozigharị oge ndị ọrụ CSA bụ imebi iwu. N'okpuru CSA

  • 201 (a), onye ọka iwu 'nwere ike' ịda iwu 'gbakwunye, wepụ na, ma ọ bụ bufee n'etiti usoro oge a, ọgwụ ọ bụla ma ọ bụ ihe ndị ọzọ mgbe ịmechara nchọpụta ụfọdụ. 21 USC
  • 81l (a). Agbanyeghị, enwere ike imeghari usoro ihe omume ndị ọzọ site na Congress site na mgbanwe na ụkpụrụ; na Congress emeela ọtụtụ ugboro.5 ·

'Lee, dịka, Bipụta. L. I 12-144, § 1152 (na-emegharị usoro iji tinye ndị na-ahụ maka cannabimimetic); Bipụta. L. 101-647,

  • 1902 (a) (usoro mmeghari mmeghe Ill ịgbakwunye anabolic steroids).

Ihe mgbochi nke abụọ bụ na, n'ihi na mgbanwe nke mmebe iwu iji setịpụ oge m maka hemp apụtabeghị na 21 CFR § 1308.11, mwepụ ahụ adịbeghị irè. Mkpesa a ezighi ezi.

Ọ bụ ihe na-eche na anyị na-asọpụrụ iwu nnụnụ. Lee Nat '/ Atụmatụ ezinaụlọ & nrụgide. Ahụike Ass'n, Inc. v. Gonzales, 468 F.3d 826,829 (DC Cir 2006) ("[Iwu dị mma bụ iwu na-achịkwa iwu megidere mgbe niile [.])". Ndị omebe iwu guzobere usoro CSA ise na ụkpụrụ, na-enye “ch uch usoro a ga - ebu ụzọ mejupụtara ọgwụ ndị edepụtara na ngalaba a.” 21

USC § 812 (a) .6 Congress kwukwara na “[t] ọ haziri usoro a guzosiri ike ga-eme ka emelite ya ma dezigharịa ya na oge nke abụọ site na otu afọ mgbe Ọktọba 27, 1970 ga-emelite ya. ma na-ebipụta ya kwa afọ. ” 21 USC § 812 (a). Otu ihe a choro iji melite ma webuta oge a abughi ihe di nkpa ichi idi nma oge “odi ka iwu ahu guzosiri ike”. Id. Na ndị ọzọ

Okwu, ebe Congress n’onwe ya na-emezigharị usoro iji gbakwunye ma ọ bụ wepu ihe a na-achịkwa, mgbakwunye ma ọ bụ iwepu ihe ahụ na-achịkwa dị irè ozugbo na usoro iwu (anọghị ụbọchị ọzọ dị irè na iwu ahụ); mgbakwunye ya na mwepu ma ọ bụ iwepu ya n'oge usoro esighi na mbibi.7

Iji maa atụ, Congress na-emezigharị CSA na 2012 ka ọ tinye “ndị na-agwọ cannabimimetic” na nhazi oge mbụ.

Emere iwu ahụ ka ọ bụrụ akụkụ nke Iwu Mgbochi Mgbochi Ọgwụ Ọjọọ nke2012 (Pub.

  1. 112-144, aha XI, ndepụta okwu D), nke edepụtara na iwu na July 9, 2012. Ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọnwa isii gachara, Ndị Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọgwụ ("DEA") bipụtara iwu ikpeazụ na -emepụta koodu ọgwụ maka ndị na-ahụ maka ọgwụ cannabimimita agbakwunyere na ịhazi oge m site na Congress na ime mgbanwe ndị ọzọ na-agbanwe ka ịtọọ oge dịka 21 CFR § 1308.11. Lee 78 nri. Reg. 664 (Jen. 4, 2013). N'ịkọwa ihe kpatara na ịkọwa okwu na ịza ajụjụ adịghị mkpa, DEA kwuru nke ahụ
    • “Idebe ihe iri abụọ na isii ndị a na Usoro Ihe M na-arụ ọrụ kemgbe July 9, " Id. na 665 (mesiri ike). N'aka ozo, mgbanwe iwu omebe iwu ịhazi oge m dị irè ozugbo emere iwu. Ntughari mgbanwe nke mgbanwe ndia na 1 CFR § 21, obu ezie na 1308.11 USC § 21 (a) choro, iji mezuo ngbanwe nke mgbanwe ndi ahu ime oge I.

Dika odi, itinye akwukwo nke ulo oru ugbo nke 2018 mezuru iwepu hemp (na THC in

hemp8 site na CSA. Emegharia mmezi na 21 CFR § 1308.11, ebe achọrọ dịka elekere

6 “Marihuana” na “Tetrahydrocannabinols” bụ ndị a gụnyere n'usoro izizi nke Nzukọ omebe iwu guzobere na 1970.

7 CJ United States v. Huerta, 547 F.2d 545, 547 (10th Cir 1977) ("[F] nwere ikike ibipụta usoro 'emelitere' dị ka Ngalaba 812 chọrọ (enweghị) enweghị mmetụta na ihe ndị ahụ etinyere na usoro nhazi ise ahụ."); United States v. Monroe, 408 F. ọkọnọ. 270,274 (ND Cal 1976) (“Ya mere, ebe ngalaba 812 (a) nyere iwu doro anya usoro ihe nchịkwa a na-achịkwa ka a ga-ebipụta ọzọ, it doro anya na ndị Congress ebughị n'obi idebanye aha maka ịrụ ọrụ dịka iweghachi usoro iheomume nke, ma oburu na emezighi ya ga - eme ka usoro ihe omume ndi a laghachie n'otu oge …………………………… ..

chọrọ ka usoro ihe omume ahụ dị, 'oge emelitere', 'bụrụzigharịrị' bụ naanị maka ebumnuche iji guzobe otu ndepụta nke ga-egosipụta ihe niile dị ugbu a na ntinye Iwu ahụ …………………………………… ………………………………………… .. “).

8 Oge I, dika edeputara ya na 21 CFR § 1308.11, tinyere nkọwa nke “tetrahydrocannabinols” na paragraf (d) (3I) nke anaghị apụta na CSA. Nagbanyeghi ọnụnọ nke okwu dị na iwu cw · rent, M

nke ọrụDEDEA na-aga n'ihu iji bipụta usoro emelitere, adịghị mkpa iji mezuo mgbanwe mgbanwe ugbo nke 2018 maka ịhazi I.9 ·

B. Mgbe Ngalaba Ọrụ Ugbo Mbipụta Mepụtara Iwu Nrụpụta Hemp nke Nrụpụta Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 nwere na Ndepụta G nke Iwu Ọrụ Nchịkwa Aka nke 1946, States na ndị India Iwu Agaghị egbochi Abanye Iwu orgbọ njem ma ọ bụ mbupu nke Hemp Lawfnlly mepụtara n'okpuru steeti ma ọ bụ ebo. Atụmatụ ma ọ bụ n’okpuru ikikere enyere n’okpuru atụmatụ nhazi.

AMA § 297D (a) (l) (A) na-eduzi onye odeakwụkwọ ka ọ nye iwu na usoro "dị ka o kwere mee" iji mejupụta ndepụta okwu G nke AMA. 7 USC § 1639r (a) (l) (A) .. Iwu ndị a ga-ekwu banyere nnabata nke atụmatụ Steti na Tribal n'okpuru AMA § 297B na iwepụta ikikere n'okpuru atụmatụ Ngalaba n'okpuru AMA § 297C. Dịka akọwara n’okpuru, ozugbo edepụtara iwu ndị a, Steeti na agbụrụ ndị Indian enweghị ike machibidoro njem ma ọ bụ ibubata hemp (gụnyere ngwaahịa hemp) nke amamịghe steeti ma ọ bụ atụmatụ ebo ma ọ bụ emepụtara ya n'okpuru ikikere enyere n'okpuru atụmatụ Ngalaba.

A na-agwa Transportgbọ njem hemp na 2018 Farm Bill§ 10114.10 Ngalaba (a) na-enye:

  • RULE NIILE- N’abaghị n’ihe ọ bụla n’isi a ma ọ bụ mmezigharị nke aha a na-amachibidoro azụmahịa nke hemp (dị ka akọwapụtara na ngalaba 297A nke Iwu ulturalrụ Ọrụ Ugbo nke 1946 (dị ka nkebi 10113 gbakwunyere)) ma ọ bụ ngwaahịa hemp.

7 USC § 16390 ndetu. Ndokwa a na-ekwu na ọ nweghị ihe dị na X nke 2018 Fann Bill

bụ nke m chere na a na - ewepụ THC na hemp na THC dịka usoro nke m na - akpọkọta ihe n'okpuru CSA site na mmezi iwu nke Ọrụ Ugbo 2018.

9 Usoro oge I, dị ka e gosipụtara na 21 CFR § 1308.11, gụnyere ndepụta dị iche iche nke "marihuana wepụ" na paragraf

(d) (58). Achọpụtaghị ihe ngosipụta Marijuana n'oge usoro m nọ n'ụkpụrụ n'ihi na etinyere ya mgbe emesịrị! n'okpuru CSA § 201. A kọwara okwu ahụ “marihuana wepụ” na usoro dị ka “nwepu nke nwere otu ma ọ bụ karịa cannabinoids nke enwetara site na osisi ọ bụla nke genus Cannabis, na-abụghị resin iche (ma sitere n'osisi ahụ. ” Billkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 emegharịrị nkọwa nke "marihuana" ka ewezuga ya hemp, mana nihi na nhazi iwu ahụ nke "marihuana wepụ" n'usoro oge, ejighi m okwu a "marihuana" ma ọ bụ "teb · ahydrocannabinols" kọwaa tenn ahụ, otu ajụjụ na-ebilite ma hemp wepụ ahụ ka dị na-ewere ka edepụtara ya dị ka usoro usoro ihe nchịkwa m si achịkwa. Ọ bụ ezie na agabeghị nsogbu ahụ n'echiche a, Echere m na ntụgharị iwu nke “marihuana” eweghachiwo n'ụzọ dị irè ma wepụta usoro oge nke mbụ, na nke na-egosipụta ụdị ihe a na 21 CFR § 1308.1I (d) (58) ga-abụ naanị mmeghari mmegharị. ·

10 A na-ekwukwa njem maka hemp na mmemme ị na-eme kwa afọ, nke na-eweghachi ego gọọmentị akwadoro Site na iji ya iji gbochie transpmtation nke hemp. Agbanyeghị, ndokwa ndị ahụ enweghị oke maka ha kpachara anya naanị hemp mepụtara n'okpuru ikike Fann Bill 2014, ha na-ekwu okwu naanị Federal ndi ochichi. Nke ahụ bụ, ebe usoro ndị a machibidoro ndị na-eme ihe nkiri Federal igbochi ụgbọ njem a na-akpọ “2014 Farm Bill hemp, ”ha anaghị amachibido ihe ọchịchị ọ bụla in banyere ahụ Lee Ugbo, Ngalaba Rural, Nri na Ogwu Nchịkwa, na genlọ Ọrụ metụtara ụdị metụtara iwu, 2019, Pub. L. 116-6, div. B, § 728 (machibidoro ego nke Iwu ahụ nyere ma ọ bụ iwu ọ bụla ọzọ iji mee ihe maka igbochi nke2014 Farm Bill§ 7606 ma ọ bụ “ prohibit na transportation1 nhazi, ire ere, or use of ụlọ ọrụl hemp, or mkpụrụs of ihe ọṅụṅụh osisi, na is toro or zụlitere na [2014 Farm Bill§ 7606], n'ime ma ọ bụ na mpụga Steti nke hemp mmepụta ihe dị toro ma obu tobe ihe ”. Leekwa Azụmaahịa, ikpe nkwụmọtọ, sayensi, na njikọ ndị ọzọ metụtara nke a metụtara, 2019, Pub.

  1. 116-6, ikp. C, § 536 (“Ejighị ego a nke Iwu a gosipụtara ike iji mmachi [2014 Farm Bill§ 7606] site na Ngalaba nke Ikpe Ziri Ezi ma ọ bụ Ndị Ọrụ Na-ahụ Maka Ọgwụ.”).

machibidoro uzo nke hemp. Agbanyeghị, usoro a, na-anọ naanị ya, enweghị mmetụta nke ịkwado ụgbọ njem hemp na States ma ọ bụ mpaghara ebo ebe amachibidoro ụdị njem a n'okpuru iwu Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo.

Mkpochapu (b), machibidoro Steeti na ebo Indian nke machibidoro iwu njem nke hemp site na steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ ebo ebo. Mpempe akwụkwọ (b) na-enye

  • Izipu nke HEMP NA HEMP -O dighi steeti ma obu Indian Tribe gha machibidoro iwu transp011 ma ọ bụ mbupu nke hemp ma ọ bụ hemp prodLtre mepụtara in dị na ndepụta okwu G nke Iwu Azụmaahịa Ugbo nke 1946 (dika nkebi 10113 gbakwunyere) site na Steeti ma ọ bụ usoro iri nke Indian Tribe, ka ọdabara.

7 USC § 16390 ndetu. Na nsonye, ​​Iwu a na - egbochi iwu steeti

machibidoro transp011ation ma ọ bụ mbupu hemp emepụtara na ndepụta okwu G nke AMA.

Dika iwu banyere iwu obodo, “[t] ya supremacy Clause na-enye iwu doro anya na iwu gọọmenti etiti 'ga-abụ iwu kachasị elu nke Ala; a ga-ejikwa ndị ikpe nọ na steeti ọ bụla, ihe ọ bụla n'usoro iwu ma ọ bụ na iwu ọ bụla nke onye ọ bụla nke na - agbanyeghị na…. ' N'okpuru ụkpụrụ a, Congress nwere ikike nke ịkwado iwu [S]. ” Arizona v. United States, 567

US 387, 398-99 (2012) (na-ezo aka na US Const. Art. VI, cl 2). "N'okpuru nkuzi nke usoro gọọmentị etiti, otu iwu gọọmentị etiti ga-azọ ma ọ bụ kagbuo iwu na ụkpụrụ na - enweghị isi. United States v. Zadeh, 820 FJd 746, 751 (5th Cir. 2016).

Courtslọ ikpe gọọmentị n'ozuzu ha na-amata ụzọ izipu ụzọ atọ: (1) igosipụta ụzọ (ebe ndị nnọchi anya 'wepụrụ ọchịchị' site na steeti site na 'iwepụ preemption ndokwa'); 11 (2) preemption ubi (ebe a na-amachibido iwu na steeti ime n'ọgbakọ nke Ndị Ọchịchị, na-arụ ọrụ n'ime ikike ya kwesịrị ekwesị, kpebiri na a ga-achịkwa ya naanị ọchịchị ”);12 na esemokwu esemokwu (ebe a na-akwụgo iwu steeti mgbe ha na-emegide iwu Federal, nke gụnyere ọnọdụ 'ebe' nnabata na iwu gọọmentị etiti na nke [S] bụ ihe agaghị ekwe omume "" ma ọ bụ ọnọdụ "ebe ịma aka megide iwu S ' ọ bụ ihe mgbochi nye mmezu na mmezu nke nzube na ebumnuche nke Congress ”').13 Arizona, 567 US na 399-400 (atụpụrụ aha); leekwa Zade, 820 F.3d na 751.

11 Lee, dịka, 7 USC § 1639i (b) (“(b) Federal preemption.-Ọ dịghị steeti ma ọ bụ mpaghara ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke Steeti nwere ike na-akwụ ọtọ ma ọ bụ na-edoghị anya n'okpuru ikike ọ bụla ma ọ bụ gaa n'ihu na-emetụta nri ọ bụla ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ ọ bụla azụmahịa azụmahịa ihe achọrọ ọ bụla metụtara na labere nke ma nri (gụnyere nri enyere n'ụlọ oriri na ọ establishmentụ restaurantụ ma ọ bụ otu ihe yiri ya) ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ ga-enyocha mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa (nke a ga-agụnye ụdị ọnọdụ ndị ọzọ yiri ya. Odeakwụkwọ nke Ọrụ Ugbo) ma ọ bụ mepụtara ma ọ bụ mepụta ya site na iji nkà mmụta mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa, gụnyere ihe ọ bụla a chọrọ maka ikwu na nri ma ọ bụ mkpụrụ nwere ma ọ bụ nwee ihe mepụtara ma ọ bụ mepụta ya site na iji mkpụrụ ndụ ihe nketa. ").

12 Lee, dịka ọmụmaatụ, Pac. Gas & Elec. Co. v. State Energy Res. Nchekwa & Dev. Comm 'n, 461 US 190,212 (“[T) ọ gọọmentị etiti ejirila mpaghara nchekwa nchekwa nuklia niile, ewezuga ikike dị nsọ ekwuputara na akara nke [S].”).

  • n Lee, dịka 21 USC 903 (“Onweghi ike inye ụdị subki a a ga-arụ ọrụ dị ka nke na-egosi ebumnuche n'akụkụ ọgbakọ iji mejupụta ebe ọrụ a na-arụ, gụnyere ntaramahụhụ omempụ, na mwepu nke iwu steeti ọ bụla na otu ihe ga - eme. ma ọ bụ nọrọ na ikike nke Ọchịchị, belụsọ na enwereghị

Nkebi 10114 (b) nke 2018 Fann Bill na-emeju nkọwa nke esemokwu esemokwu n'ihi na iwu steeti machibidoro ịgbakọ njem ma ọ bụ mbugharị nke hemp ma ọ bụ ngwaahịa hemp mepụtara n'ụzọ kwekọrọ na ndepụta okwu G nke AMA ga-enwe esemokwu ozugbo na · Ngalaba 10114 (b), nke nyere na Mba ọ bụla amachibidoro ọrụ dị otú a.14 Ya mere, iwu Ọchịchị dị otú a abatala n'aka ndị ome iwu. Otu esi rụpụta ihe n’agbụrụ ndị India.15

Na nchikota, ozugbo edepụtara iwu mmejuputa iwu, Steeti na agbụrụ Indian enweghị ike machibidoro mbubata hemp n'ụzọ iwu kwadoro n'okpuru atụmatụ steeti ma ọ bụ ebo ma ọ bụ n'okpuru ikikere enyere n'okpuru atụmatụ Ngalaba.

C. Stlites na ebo ndị India enweghị ike igbochi Transportgbọ njem ma ọ bụ ụgbọ nke Hemp n'ụzọ iwu ga - ebuputa na usoro iwu ugbo nke 2014.

N'ihi na 2018 Fmm Bill anaghị akpọghachi ikike ikike hemp ozugbo na 2014 Farm Bill § 7606 - na n'ihi mbipụta mbipụta na-etinye mmebe hemp nke ihe ngosi 2018 Fann Bill agaghị eme ruo mgbe emechara na 2019 - ajụjụ na-ebilite ma States. a machibidoro agbụrụ ndị Indian iwu igbochi njem ụgbọ mmiri ma ọ bụ ibubata hemp (gụnyere ngwaahịa hemp) na iwu iwu n'okpuru Iwu 2014 Fmm Bill. Azịza ya dabere n'echiche nkebi ahịrịokwu ahụ "dị na ndepụta okwu G nke Agricultural MarketingActof1946 ″ na2018FmmBill § 10114 (b) (7U.SC § 1639onote). Naanị hemp mepụtara kwekọrọ na ndepụta okwu G kpuchitere na nkuku nke tụlere n'elu. Dịka akọwapụtara n'okpuru, ọ bụ echiche m na azịza ajụjụ a bụ ee, site n'ọrụ AMA § 297B (f).

AMA§ 297B (f) na-ekwupụta mmetụta nke iwu nke usoro ahụ na-enye ndị steeti na agbụrụ Indian aka ịzụlite atụmatụ maka iji ikike nchịkwa ikike iji mepụta hemp n'ime steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ ókèala ebo ndị India ahụ. Kpọmkwem, ngalaba 297B (f) na-enye:

(f) EGO. — Onweghị ihe dị na ngalaba a machibidoro ịmịpụ hemp na steeti ma ọ bụ mpaghara iwu nke agbụrụ India

(!) nke akwadoghị atụmatụ Steeti ma ọ bụ nke ebo n'okpuru nkebi a, ma ọ bụrụ na mmepụta nke hemp dị na ngalaba 297C ma ọ bụ iwu Federal ndị ọzọ (gụnyere ụkpụrụ); na

(2) ọ bụrụ na Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo ndị India machibidoro imepụta hemp.

esemokwu dị n'etiti usoro ọkpụrụkpụ onye nnọchianya a na iwu steeti ahụ ka mmadụ abụọ ahụ ghara ijikọ ọnụ. ”).

14 N'aka nke ọzọ, enwere ike ịtụle ngalaba 10114 (b) ka ọ bụrụ nnwereonwe mwupụtara n'ihi na iwu doro anya napụrụ ikike nke steeti amachibidoro njem na mbupu nke hemp ma ọ bụ ngwaahịa hemp site na steeti.

15 AMA§ 297B (a) (3) nwere ihe mgbochi preemption na-ekwupụta na onweghị ihe ọ bụla na 297B (a) “preempts ma ọ bụ na-amachi iwu ọ bụla nke Steti ma ọ bụ ebo Indian” nke na-egbochi mmepụta hemp ”na“ siri ike karịa [ndepụta okwu G] .11 TU.SC § J639p (a) (3). Agbanyeghị, ihe mgbochi a na - egbochi ihe mgbochi bụ naanị mmepụta nke hemp - obughi ya njem ma ọ bụ mbupu hemp- ma yabụ emegideghị Farm Bill§ IOI2018 (b).

7 USC § 1639p (f) (mesiri ike).

Ndokwa a gosipụtara mmepụta hemp na steeti ma ọ bụ ebo nke gọọmentị steeti ma ọ bụ ebo na-enweghị atụmatụ nnabata ariA § 297B. Ndokwa a kwenyere na, n'ọnọdụ dị otú a, mmepụta nke hemp na steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ ebo teITitory ka ga-ekwe omume ma ọ bụrụ na emepụtara ya ma dị na atụmatụ Ngalaba n'okpuru AMA § 297C or na iwu gọọmentị ndị ọzọ, na Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo amachibidoghị ịmịpụta ya.

Asụsụ dị larịị nke ndepụta okwu G nke AMA, dị ka nke 2018 Farm Bill, si otú a na-atụgharị uche n'ọnọdụ ndapụta nke a na-enyeghị hemp n'okpuru atụmatụ 297B nke akwadoro ma ọ bụ n'okpuru ikike nke enyere n'okpuru atụmatụ 297C nke Ngalaba, mana ọ ka bụ n'ụzọ iwu rụpụtara n'okpuru

"Iwu Federal ndị ọzọ." Echiche m bụ na “iwu ndị ọzọ gọọmentị etiti gunyere Iwu Iwu Ọrụ Ugbo 2014

  • 7606.16

Ka m mara ihe, tupu arụ ọrụ nke2014 Farm Bill§ 7606, CSA bụ naanị iwu Federal nyere ikike imepụta hemp. N’ezie, imepụta hemp- dị ka “imepụta” usoro nke ihe m na - achịkwa ka a na - achịkwa - a machibidoro ya n'okpuru CSA ma ewezuga oke nyere ikike n'okpuru ndebanye aha ma ọ bụ ịtụle n'okpuru CSA. Lee 21 USC

  • § 802 (15), 802 (22), 822, na 823; 21 CFR paJt 1301. Nyere (1) iwepu hemp dika ihe a na-achịkwa n'okpuru CSA, (2) oge ngbanwe nke ikike ikike 2014 Fann Bill§ 7606, na (3) enforment nke ndị isi mmepụta hemp ọhụụ. G nke AMA, ọ bụ echiche m na “iwu Federal ndị ọzọ” na-ezo aka na ndokwa nke2014 Farm Bill
  • 7606, nke ka dị ire. Nkọwa dị otú ahụ na-enye nkwupụta okwu ahụ “iwu ndị ọzọ Federal.” Ọ bụ "ụkpụrụ ntụpọ dị mkpa nke ashịị ga-enye .fefe, ma ọ bụrụ na ọ ga - ekwe omume, n'okwu ọ bụla na okwu nke iwu." Lee, dịka ọmụmaatụ, Loughrin v na United States, 573 US 351, 358 (2014) (nkwupụta ndị ọzọ na amaokwu). ·

Ya mere, igu akwukwo AMA§ 297B (f) na nkwekorita nke 2018 Faim Bill§ 10114 (b), oburu na ebuputa hemp dika iwu si di na 2014 Farm Bill§ 7606 (“Iwu Federal ozo”), mgbe ahu, site na viJtue nke AMA § 297B (f), amachibidoghi ihe omume ya. A ga-ekepụta hemp dị otú a “dị na ndepụta okwu G,” nke na-ekwu okwu dị ka scenaifo dị ka AMA.

  • 297B (f) bu akuku ala G. Dika odi, n’okpuru 2018 Farm Bill§ 10114 (b), Steeti ma obu ndi India

16 Na Congress tụgharịrị ụdịrị ọnọdụ ahụ, a na-ahụ ya ka enyere asụsụ ahụ na 2018 Fann Bill§ 7605 (b} na-egbu oge ngbanwe nke2014 Farm Bill§ 7606 rue ọnwa iri na abụọ. mgbe Onye ode akwukwo guzobere atumatu 297C. N'ihi ya, AMA§ 1C (c) (l) anaghị egbochi ntụgharịgharị a, nke na-enye: “a ga-ekpe ikpe nke Ọchịchị ma ọ bụ ebo India nke na-akwadoghị atụmatụ Steeti ma ọ bụ nke ebo n'okpuru ngalaba 297B, ọ ga-eme ya. machibidoro imepụta hemp na steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ usoro iri nke agbụrụ ndị Indian na-enweghị ikikere nke Onye Odeakwụkwọ nyere n'okpuru mpaghara (b). ” Nyere aka banyere “ma ọ bụ iwu Federal ndị ọzọ” na AMA § 297B (f) (l) - na eziokwu ahụ bụ 297 Farm Bill§ 2014 ka dị

- Ọ ga - abụ ọgụgụ na - ezighi ezi nke AMA §297C (c) (J) iji kwubie na hemp mepụtara dịka iwu Federal (2014 Fann Bill § 7606) si bụrụ, iwu na - akwadoghị iwu na-enweghị ikikere iche. n'okpuru atụmatụ 297C. Dị ka com1s anabatagoro, usoro iwu mmekọrịta nke “na-arụpụta arụmọrụ ga-adị ọ ga-ezere nkọwa ntụgharị ọ bụla na nzube mmebe iwu. ” Griffin v. Oc_eanic Ndị ọrụ ya, Inc. 458 US 564,575 (1982).

ebo enweghi ike igbochi transp01iation ma ọ bụ ibubata nke akpọrọ "2014 Farm Bill hemp" site na steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ ebo.17

Mmepe N’oge na-adịbeghị anya

Ekwenyere m na nkwubi okwu a bụ esemokwu na mkpebi na-adịbeghị anya na ikpe na District nke Idaho, mana ọ kwekọkwara na mkpebi ikpe nso nso a na ikpe na South District nke West Virginia. Enweghị ụlọ ikpe kwuru okwu n'asụsụ "iwu ndị ọzọ Federal" na AMA § 297B (f) (l), nke m na-achọpụta.

In Nnukwu Sky Scientific LLC v. Jdaho State uwe ojii, Ikpe nke 19-CV-00040 (D. Idaho), onye ọka ikpe na-ahụ maka ikpe hụrụ na mbufe nke OregoI1 hemp ga-agbanye Colorado na ndị uwe ojii Idaho gbabụrụ na-enweghị ike ịbụ ndị na-emepụta ihe "dabere na ndepụta okwu G" n'ihi na Steeti sitere na ntanetịbeghị atụmatụ nke akwadoro rn1der AMA § 297B na onye odeakwụkwọ emebeghị atụmatụ n'okpuru AMA § 297C.18 Onye ọka ikpe ahụ kwenyere n'iwu Oregon nke na-enye ikike ịkụ ahịhịa, na-ahụ maka ndị na-ekwupụta ihe na-ekwupụta na ọ bụ ndị ọrụ Oregon nke reglọ Ọrụ Oregon nyere ikike ka ọ nweta hemp ahụ, ma, yabụ, ga - ebili na nnabata usoro 2014 Fann Bill§ 7606).19 Agbanyeghị, na ịgọnarị onye na-ekwuchitere ndị ngagharị maka iwu nke mbido, onye ọka ikpe ahụ * kwubiri na, na-eme ka usoro iwupụta ugbo nke 2018, Congress kpebiri “imepụta usoro ga-agbagha gburugburu mmepụta na ụzọ njem ga-adịkwa ala nke hemp maka ebumnuche iwu gọọmentị etiti, yana usoro ahụ ga-adị na atụmatụ gọọmentị etiti (ma ọ bụ ihe kwekọrọ [S] ma ọ bụ [T]) maka mmepụta hemp a na-enweta na Fm Bill 2018. ”20 Agbanyeghị na iwu ugbo ugbo nke 2018 na-enye ohere ibugharị hemp gafere na steeti State, onye ọka ikpe na-ahụ maka nchekwa azụmahịa ndị ahụ dị iche iche metụtara naanị hemp mepụtara n'okpuru ụkpụrụ akpọrọ n'okpuru ikike nke 11 Farm Bill.20181 Yabụ, n'ihi na iwu ndị ahụ adịbebeghị, hemp ahụ a machibidoro iwu nọ n'okpuru iwuhoho machibidoro transpo1iation ya.

USDA abụghị ihe anya otu dị na Nnukwu Eluigwe ikpe, na ụlọ ọrụ a ekwenyeghị na ebumnuche nke onye ọka iwu na-ahụ maka mbupu nke hemp n'ụzọ iwu mepụtara n'okpuru 2014 Farm Bill. Na

Ihe nkwubi okwu a bu ihe akwadoro na usoro mmebe iwu. N’ịkọwa nsonaazụ nke ihe mbido ahụ, Nzukọ Mgbakọ ahụ kwuru, sị: “Ọ bụ ezie na ndị isi obodo [S] na agbụrụ India nwere ike igbochi mmepụta na ire ahịa hemp na hemp na ala ha, ndị na-ahụ maka njikwa, na Sec. 17 [sic], kwenyere ka ọ ghara ikwe ka ndị [S] na ebo ndị India amachi ụgbọ njem ma ọ bụ ibubata ngwaahịa hemp ma ọ bụ hemp site n'ọchịchị S S ma ọ bụ ókèala India10112. ” HR REP. Nke 01-115, na 1072 (738). Dị ka o siri dị, ndị njikwa ahụ zoro aka na hemp n'ozuzu ya, ọ bụghị naanị hemp mepụtara n'okpuru atụmatụ etolite n'okpuru ndepụta okwu G nke AMA.

18 Lee Big Sky, Doodu ECF. # 32, Mkpebi na Iwu Re: Mkpesa Mkpesa maka Njikọ nke Mbido; lee kwa Doodu ECF. # 6, Mkpebi na Iwu Mkpebi: Mkpesa Mkpesa Mkpuchi Mkpuchi Mkpa Oge na Nchịkwa lltjunction na Mkpesa Mkpesa na Mkpesa Nchịkọta Mkpokọta (dị na 2019 WL 438336 (Feb. 2, 2019).

19 Nnukwu Eluigwe, Doodu ECF. # 32, na 5, 7-8.

20 Id. na 3.

21 Id. na 19-26.

kọmịshọgharị ahụ na - agbaghagharị ụkpụrụ ọkpụrụkpụ, onye ọka iwu ahụ kwupụtara nke ọma ụkpụrụ ụkpụrụ nke iwu ọkpụrụkpụ iwu nke na a gaghị akọwaghị iwu "n'ụzọ ga-agbagha ụkpụrụ ndị ọzọ nke otu iwu ahụ, na-enweghị isi, ma ọ bụ nke na-enweghị atụ." na-eduzi ụkpụrụ ntụgharị okwu, onye ọka iwu ahụ ekwupụtaghị nsonaazụ nke asụsụ “iwu ndị ọzọ Federal” na AMA § 1B (f) ma ọ bụ nwara inye asụsụ ahụ ọ bụla. Idalọ ikpe Idaho agụghị iwu ahụ n'ozuzu yana ọ tụleghị ụkpụrụ "iwu Federal ndị ọzọ" nke m chọpụtara. N’ihota udi uzo ihe ndi ochichi ime obodo kwuru, a huru m na echiche ya g’abuo na iwu mbido a choputaghi.

N'aka ozo, isi nkowa nke 2018 Farm Bill § 10114 nke di elu site na echiche a gbasara iwu kwekọrọ na mkpebi enyere na Southern District nke West Virginia. Na United States v. Mallory, Nke Nọmba 18-CV-1289 (SDW Va.), Na \ Oepmtment nke Justice gbara akwụkwọ maka ịchụpụ hemp kwuru na o toro na imebi CSA yana na mpụga nke 2014 Fann Bill. N'okwu ahụ, nke onye na-emepụta ikike nke Steeti West Virginia nyere ikike ka o tolitere n'okwu ikpe ụgbọ mmiri 2014 Fmm Bill§ 7606, ebe a na-ebupụ mkpụrụ osisi hemp site na onye na-ere ahịa Kentucky nke ikike ya na Commonwealth nke Kentucky n'okpuru ụgwọ ọrụ ugbo ugbo 2014.

  • Mmemme pilot 7606. Courtlọ ikpe ahụ dabere na njikọta nke iwu - na 2014 Farm Bill, nnabata ahụ na-enye ihe, 24 na Farkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 - iji kagbuo iwu mbido megide onye na-agbachitere25 na ịchụpụ ikpe gọọmentị kpamkpam.26 Na kagbuo iwu mbido-y. , ụlọ ikpe nyere ndị na-agbachitere ka ha buru ngwaahịa ngwaahịa hemp gafere larịị na Pennsylvania maka nhazi na ire ere.1

Ọ bụ ezie na Ebe aka ụlọ ikpe enweghị ohere ikwu okwu ọ bụla State iji gbochie njem nke hemp, ụlọ ikpe ahụ rụtụrụ aka na 2018 Fmm Bill § 10114, na-ekwupụta na ọ "na-enye ohere na-enye ohere maka ụdị hemp, mkpụrụ ya na hemp, na ngwaahịa ndị a ga-ebufe gafee larịị State. "28 echiche onye ọka ikpe mpaghara ahụ kwuru okwu hemp mepụtara n'okpuru 2014 Fann Bill§ 7606 na-abụghị hemp mepụtara n'okpuru atụmatụ steeti, ebo, ma ọ bụ mkparị. Nkwubi okwu a ruru Mall01y ụlọ ikpe kwekọrọ na ntụgharị mmekọrịta m na States enweghị ike igbochi mbupu hemp, ma

22 Id. na 21-22 (na -ehota Padash v. I.NS., 258 F.3d ll61, 1170-71 (9th Cir. 2004). Onye ọka ikpe ahụ gara n'ihu:

Ọ bụ ụkpụrụ amamịghe iwu iwu ụlọ nke iwu ga-achị, ọ bụrụ ihe niile wuru nke ahụ, ọ bụrụ it enwere ike igbochi, enweghị ahịrịokwu, ahịrịokwu, ma ọ bụ okwu ga-abụ nke na-enweghị atụ, enweghị isi, ma ọ bụ abaghi ​​uru. … Ọ bụ ọrụ dịịrị anyị ịnye nsonaazụ, ma ọ bụrụ na ọ ga - ekwe omume, n'okwu ọ bụla na ụkpụrụ nke ụkpụrụ iwu.

Id. na 23 (nhota ndị ọzọ na-etinye okwu na nkọwapụta.

23 N'ezie, ọgbụgba obodo a na-adọrọ adọrọ. Lee Nnukwu Sky Sci. LLC v. Bennetts, Eke Nke 19-35138 (9th Cir.).

24 Lee Supra ihe odide ala ala 10.

25 Mal / olJ ', Doodu ECF. # 60, Mpempe akwụkwọ na Usoro, 2019 WL 252530 (SDW Va. Jan. 17, 2019).

26 Mal / nke m, BCF Doc. # 72, Mpempe akwụkwọ na Usoro, 2019 WL 1061677 (SDW Va. Mar. 6, 2019).

27 Mal / o, y, BCF Doc. # 60, 2019 WL 252530, na * 3.

28 Malalory, BCF Doc. # 72, 2019 WL 1061677, na * 6:

Page 12

a na-ewepụta hemp n'okpuru 2014 Faim Bill ma ọ bụ n'okpuru atụmatụ Steeti, Tribal, ma ọ bụ Ngalaba w1der the 2018 Farm Bill. Ọ bụkwa mkpebi ikpe ikpeazụ nke South District nke West Virginia cowt, ọ bụghị mkpebi mbido dị ka echiche nke onye ọka iwu District ofldaho.29

N’okwu gbasara ụkpụrụ iwu, ederede nke iwu na-achịkwa. Mmadu aghagh iguta ihe ederede ahu n’onu ya ma nye ya okwu putara. A ghaghi igosi ntughari aka na “iwu ndi ozo nke Federal” putara, a ghakwara igosi asusu a na iwu Federal nke nyere ugbu a ikike imeputa hemp - 1 Fann Bill § 2014. Ya mere, hemp emeputara n'okpuru ikike ikike ahu ka a na-enweta hemp dabere na ndepụta okwu G nke AMA. Steeti na agbụrụ Indian enweghị ike igbochi transpo7606tation ma ọ bụ ibubata hemp dị otú ahụ site na mpaghara steeti ahụ ma ọ bụ ebo. ·

D. Plakwụ ụgwọ Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2018 na Mepụta Mmepụta Hemp site na ụfọdụ Felons.

Farkpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 gbakwunyere ndokwa ọhụrụ nke na-ekwupụta ike nke ndị omekome amamikpe nwere ịmịpụta hemp. Ego 2014 Faim Bill agbachighị ọnụ n'okwu a. AMA§ 297B (e) (3) (B) (mgbe nke a gasịrị, “lonkwado mmebi iwu”), dị ka Iwu Farlọ Ọrụ Ugbo 2018 kwukwara,

(B) FELONY.-

  • N'GBỌTA-Ewezuga dị ka enyere na nkeji okwu (ii), onye ọ bụla mara ikpe jọgburu onwe ya metụtara onye ihe a na-achịkwa n'okpuru iwu Steeti ma ọ bụ nke Federal · tupu, mbido, ma ọ bụ ụbọchị itinye n'ọrụ a ndepụta okwu ga-abụ ihe anabataghị, n'oge afọ I0 na-esote ụbọchị nkwenye-

(!) sonye na mmemme guzobere n'okpuru ngalaba a ma ọ bụ nkebi 297C; na

(II) iji mepụta hemp n'okpuru ụkpụrụ ma ọ bụ ntuziaka ọ bụla enyere n'okpuru ngalaba 297D (a).

  • -Akagbu (i) agaghị etinye onye ọ bụla na-etolite ikikere na ikikere, aha ndebanye, · ma ọ bụ ikike n'okpuru usoro ịnya ụgbọ elu nke ngalaba 7606 nyere ikike Act of2014 (7 USC 5940) tupu ụbọchị nke iwebata ndepụta okwu a.

7 USC § l 639p (e) (3) (B) (mesiri ike). Ebe e zoro aka na “ụbọchị ewepụtara ndepụta a” bụ ndepụta okwu G nke AMA, gbakwunye na ngalaba 10113 nke2018 Fann Bill. Ya mere, “ofbọchị ewepụtara ndepụta okwu a” bụ ụbọchị enyere iwu maka Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2018 December 20, 2018.

N'ịkọwapụta mmemme Felony, Nzukọ Mgbakọ ahụ kwuru:

Onye ọ bụla mara ikpe ajọ omume metụtara ihe a na-achịkwa agaghị enwe ike isonye na atụmatụ [S] ma ọ bụ nke T T na afọ nke na-esote ụbọchị a ga-ama onye ahụ ikpe. Agbanyeghị, mmachibido a agaghị emetụta ndị na - emeputa iwu ji ego na-etinye aka na mmemme pilot maka ịgba akwụkwọ dị ka thelọ Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2014 nyere ikike, tupu ịmalite ndepụta okwu a. Mkpebi ikpe ndị ga - esote ụbọchị mgbe ebenyechara usoro isiokwu a ga - akpalite afọ 0

29 Malalory, BCF Doc. # 72, 2019 WL l 06 I677, na * 9 (na-agọnarị ngagharị ndị United States iji mezie ma nye nkwado nke ndị na-agbachitere mkpesa). Nnukwu Eluigwe, BCF Doc. # 32, na 28 (na-agọnarị ndị na-eme mkpesa maka ikpe ụzọ na ịkọwapụta na comt ga-ewepụta ihe dị iche iche iji setịpụ usoro ihe omume iji chịkwaa okwu na-aga n'ihu).

Page 13

Oge ntinyeghi na agbanyeghị ma onye nrụpụta sonyere na mmemme pilot nyere ikike na 2014.

HR REP. Mba. 115-1072, na 737 (2018).

Na nchikota, onye amamikpe nke Steti ma obu Federal nke metụtara ihe a na - achịkwa - agbanyeghị mgbe ikpe ahụ mere - enweghị ike iwepụta hemp n'okpuru ndepụta okwu G nke AMA ruo oge nke afọ i0 na - esote ụbọchị nkwenye. Ewezuga dị na nkeji okwu (ii) nke usoro iwu Felony nke metụtara onye na-emebi iwu hemp n'okpuru iwu Iwu Ugbo 2014 tupu December 20, 2018, na onye ikpe mara nke ime ihe metụtara ihe a na-achịkwa tupu ụbọchị ahụ. States na agbụrụ Indian nwere ugbu a] Ikike ịchọpụta ma onye chọrọ ịmịpụta mmiri n'ọbara ma ọ bụ Ógbè nwere mkpebi ikpe ọ bụla nke Federal ma ọ bụ nke metụtara ihe ndị a na-achịkwa nke ga-eme ka onye ahụ ghara iru eru imepụta hemp.

  • UZ O ISI

E nwere ụzọ ihe abụọ dị mkpa nke okwu a kwesiri ikwusi ike.

Nke mbu, Iwu Ugbo 2018 chebere ikike nke steeti na ndị Indian ịchọọ ma mejuputa · iwu na-achịkwa mmepụta hemp siri ike karịa n'iwu Federal. Lee AMA

  • 297B (a) (3) (7 USC § 1639p (a) (3)) (”O nweghị ihe dị na nkebi a na-egbochi ma ọ bụ na-amachi iwu ọ bụla nke steeti ma ọ bụ ebo Indian nke… (i) na-achịkwa mmepụta hemp; na (ii) ) siri ike karịa ndepụta okwu a. ”). Iji maa atụ, steeti nwere ike ịga n'ihu machibido uto ma ọ bụ ịkụ hemp na steeti ahụ.30 Dịka a tụlere n’elu, agbanyeghị, ma ọ bụrụ na steeti ma ọ bụ ebo Indian nwere ike machibidoro ịmịpụ hemp, ọ nwere ike ghara igbochi mbupu mbufe mmiri nke hemp nwere Mepụtara dịka iwu gọọmentị si dị.

Nke abụọ, Fakpụrụ Iwu Faim nke 2018 anaghị emetụta ma ọ bụ gbanwee ikike nke Secretary nke Ahụike na Ọrụ Ọrụ ("HHS Secretary" ·) ma ọ bụ Commissioner nke Nri na Ọgwụ ("FDA · · Commissioner") n'okpuru Federal Food, Ọgwụ, na Usoro ịchọ mma (21 USC § 301 et seq.) Yana ngalaba 351 nke Iwu Ọrụ Ahụike Ọha (42 USC § 262). Lee AMA§ 297D (c) (7 USC)

  • 1639r (c)). Ezie na AMA§ 297D (b) na-enye na onye odeakwụkwọ nke Ọrụ Ugbo ga-enwe “ikike dị mkpa” iji wepụta ụkpụrụ na ụkpụrụ Federal nke metụtara mmepụta hemp; ikike a dabere na ikike nke Secretary HHS na onye isi komputa FDA ikwuputa iwu na ntuziaka Federal n'okpuru iwu FDA ndị ahụ. 7 USC § 1639r (b).

3 ° statesfọdụ steeti na-amachibido ịkụkụ hemp. Lee National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Indu trial Hemp Statutes," dị na http:// www.11cs l. org /onye nyocha h/ agriculture-na-rural-eme mmepe / steeti-· jiri yas trial-hemp-statutes.aspx # abụrụrie (emelitere Feb. I, 2019).

  1. MKWUBIOKWU

Enyochala m usoro enyere hemp dịka patt nke Bill Fann 2018 wee ruo na nkwubi okwu ndị a:

  1. Dika mmejuputa iwu nke Faty 2018 na Disemba 20, 2018, ewepuwo hemp na nhazi I nke CSA ma abughizi ihe njikwa.
  2. Mgbe USDA bipụtara ụkpụrụ nke na-eme ihe ngosiputa ihe ngosi hemp nke Iwu Fatm 2018 nke dị na ndepụta okwu G nke AMA, ndị ebo steeti na ndị India enweghị ike igbochi transp1 ma ọ bụ mbupu nke iwu hemp n'ụzọ iwu kwadoro ma ọ bụ atụmatụ Steeti ma ọ bụ ebo ma ọ bụ n'okpuru ikikere enyere. mejuputara ihe omume ya i;
  3. Steeti na agbụrụ Indian enweghị ike igbochi transpottation ma ọ bụ mbubata hemp n'ụzọ iwu mepụtara n'ahịa ugbo 2014
  4. Onye nwere nkwenye ikpe nke steeti ma ọ bụ nke gọọmenti metụtara ihe a na-achịkwa nwere ikike mmachi afọ 10 na-enweghị ikike ibute hemp n'okpuru ndepụta okwu G nke AMA. Ihe dị iche metụtara onye na-eto hemp n'ụzọ iwu na-akwụ ụgwọ n'okpuru Iwu Iwu Ọrụ Ugbo 2014 tupu December 20, 2018, na onye nkwenye ya mere tupu ụbọchị ahụ.

2018kpụrụ Ọrụ Ugbo nke 2018 na-echekwa ikike nke States na ebo ndị Indian ịmebe na itinye iwu nke na-achịkwa mmepụta hemp ndị siri ike iwu iwu Federal Federal. Ọzọkwa, ilie XNUMX Farm Bill anaghị emetụta ma ọ bụ gbanwee ikike nke HHS Secretary ma ọ bụ Kọmịshọna FDA iji hazie hemp n'okpuru iwu FDA dị.

Gakwuru gị na izu na-abịa site na iji akụkọ Cannabis!

Cheta ịdenye aha. @ https://www.youtube.com/cannabislegalizationnews

Thomas Howard

Thomas Howard

Onye ọka iwu Cannabis

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Ndị ọka iwu anyị na-ahụ maka ahịa cannabis bụkwa ndị nwe azụmahịa. Ha nwere ike inyere gị aka ịhazi azụmahịa gị ma ọ bụ nyere gị aka kpuchido ya na iwu adịghị oke ibu.

G USR US ANY BY NA-EGO




316 SW Washington Street, Suite 1A
Peoria, Illinois 61602

Ekwentị: (309) 740-4033 || email: tom@collateralbase.com


150 S. Wacker Drive, Suite 2400,
Chicago IL, 60606 USA

ekwentị: 312-741-1009 || email: tom@collateralbase.com


316 SW Washington Street, Suite 1A
Peoria, Illinois 61602

Ekwentị: (309) 740-4033 || email: tom@collateralbase.com


150 S. Wacker Drive, Suite 2400,
Chicago IL, 60606 USA

ekwentị: 312-741-1009 || email: tom@collateralbase.com

ọka iwu cannabis

316 SW Washington St, Peoria,
IL 61602, USA
Kpọọ Anyị (309) 740-4033 || e-mail Us tom@collateralbase.com
Akụrụngwa Cannabis & Akụkọ Legalization

Akụrụngwa Cannabis & Akụkọ Legalization

Idenye aha ma nweta ihe kachasị na ụlọ ọrụ cannabis. Ọ ga-abụ ihe dị ka ozi ịntanetị 2 kwa ọnwa!

Emeela ka akwadoro gị!

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